On This Day: Two Presidents Embark on a Collision Course


November 9, 1960: Robert McNamara becomes president of Ford Motor Organization just one day following John F. Kennedy is elected President of the United States.

He may have only held automotive workplace for a handful of weeks before becoming JFK’s Secretary of Defense, but McNamara’s legacy at Ford is everlasting. Nonetheless, after saving the business from its personal ill-planned and cannibalistic Edsel division, he later produced an Edsel of his own in the Vietnam War.

Following Globe War II, Ford desperately necessary new blood and fresh ideas. The company had survived the Fantastic Depression and “The Big One” but had fallen on tougher times than General Motors or Chrysler. After Henry Ford handed the reigns over to his grandson, Henry Ford II, his initial act was to hire a batch of “Whiz Kids” that were supposed to turn the firm about. In reality, these youngsters were ten adult United States Army Air Force veterans who produced up element of a then cutting-edge management science operation during the war.

McNamara, Whiz Kid and legitimate numbers geek, helped to streamline Ford and make it lucrative again. The technique incorporated restructuring the business itself and modernizing its stodgy cars.

Ford’s model of 1949 signaled the starting of a new “modern look”, with completely integrated rear fenders and a unique grille. It also heralded better occasions for the organization. However, by 1957 a marketing disaster loomed in the type of the Edsel division. Costing Ford a fortune, Edsel suffered from consumer animosity due to its controversial styling and unclear location in the market. Slotted ridiculously close to the Mercury range in price tag, customers couldn’t inform if an Edsel was supposed to be a premium Ford or a spending budget Lincoln.

McNamara not-so-secretly hated the idea and had already opposed the improvement of separate divisions for Lincoln, Mercury, and Edsel. He also saw to it that the Continental model was adopted by Lincoln and not spun off as its own brand. By 1958, McNamara had ensured that subsequent Edsel cars would share their body shells with Ford and, by 1959, he went to operate on decreasing Edsel’s marketing budget to virtually nothing. All throughout Edsel’s calculated destruction, McNamara was pushing his own agenda for a small, uncomplicated and inexpensive-to-create vehicle. The small vehicle, named the Falcon, emerged as an immediate sales accomplishment for Ford.

On November 9, 1960, McNamara became the initial president of Ford Motor Organization from outside the Ford family members. However, his time in the huge office would be quick lived. 1 day prior, John F. Kennedy had been selected as the 35th U.S. President and he required a Secretary of Defense. While he initially provided the role to former secretary Robert A. Lovett, Lovett declined and suggested McNamara.

Sometimes fate is cruel. For as excellent as McNamara was with logistics and organizing, he would be remembered forever as the engineer of America’s most disastrous military entanglement. In his 1995 memoir, In Retrospect, he said of the Vietnam War, “We had been incorrect, terribly wrong. We owe it to future generations to clarify why.”

When the war ground to a bloody halt, 58,000 Americans had lost their lives and the nation had changed forever.

Robert McNamara was possibly the most influential Secretary of Defense of the 20th century. Serving under John F. Kennedy and Lyndon B. Johnson, he oversaw hundreds of military actions and billions of dollars in military spending. He played a direct role in facilitating diplomacy on foreign soil and decided how the U.S. government need to involve itself in handling the civil rights movement on its personal soil.

It is safe to say that McNamara was easily the most effective car guy in history.


Auto Critiques – The Truth About Automobiles

Chevrolet to Owners: Take this Catalog and Make Your Commuter Car Sexier

2016 Chevrolet Camaro SS yellow

Overlook about your tame, hand-me-down Celebrity Eurosport or Lumina Euro of yesteryear, Chevrolet desires you, yes you, to go further in gussying up what could be a very mild automobile.

The automaker has launched its 2017 Chevrolet Functionality catalog, which now boasts added heat for virtually each and every model in the lineup. For some vehicles, the new offerings could be the makings of a overall performance monster. For other people (such as the Malibu), you will want to give those factory-backed add-ons some sober second believed.

The biggest news from Chevy Performance is a significantly hotter LT1 crate engine primarily based on the 6.two-liter V8 discovered in the Corvette Stingray and Camaro SS. Although similar in style, the LT376/535 sports a distinctive block casting and cylinder head design. Output rises to 535 horsepower — 75 more than the preceding LT1 crate engine.

The classic 350 cubic inch V8 crate engine adopts a new hydraulic roller camshaft, new intake manifold and higher-flow cylinder heads, pushing output to 357 hp and 407 pounds-feet of torque.

Also in the catalog is Chevy’s most current try to thumb its nose at emissions regulations. The 8L90-E eight-speed automatic transmission can now mate with the LT1 and LT4 crate engines, with a full drivetrain available to make peace with the California Air Sources Board. Compliant with CARB emissions restrictions on pre-1996 autos, the Connect &amp Cruise E-ROD program connects a 455 hp LT1 6.2-liter crate engine and eight-speed auto with a catalytic converter and other emissions gear.

You don’t need to have to fear California any a lot more.

Handling and appearance kits for the Corvette and Camaro are exactly what you’d anticipate, but Chevy’s lesser models aren’t left out of the enjoyable. A efficiency exhaust kit for the Silverado 1500 adds ten hp and six lb-ft to 5.3-liter models, even though 6.two-liter variants achieve 7 hp and 5 lb-ft. The Colorado also gains efficiency exhaust and air intake kits.

You’d have to be large into the bowtie to tart up a Cruze, Sonic or Malibu, but we all know they’re out there. These men and women exist, and practically nothing would please them much more than lowering their Malibu and adding a ground effects kit. Do it, says Chevy, and add a functionality exhaust and intake to your Cruze — yes, the a single you drive your youngsters to college in — while you’re at it. Do the same for your sister’s Sonic.

Louis Chevrolet turns 138 on Christmas, and he wants to know that this dream of compact cars that corner with slightly less body lean is becoming kept alive.

[Image: General Motors]

Auto Testimonials – The Truth About Cars

This Man Was the Biggest Nonconformist In Texas

BMW 600

One particular of these items is truly not like the other.

While perusing an archive of historic Texas highway pictures the other day (hey, when you’re single…), one thing popped up that I felt necessary to be shared. In a 1962 image of Houston’s Southwest Freeway (US 59 South), standing out like a three-bean salad at a rib cook-off, was a superb automotive oddity.

When we pan out, you’ll see what this daring (and economical) driver had to deal with for the duration of his everyday commute.

BMW 600

Amid a sea of Large 3 iron, this man cooled his heels in a BMW 600, the biggest of the postwar “bubble cars” that emerged from a recovering Europe. Tiny, underpowered and unsafe, these wheeled eggs were usually the only motorized (and enclosed) transportation a European could afford to purchase.

The BMW 600 was primarily a stretched version of the Isetta — easily the most recognizable of the bubble vehicles, and the object of significantly taunting by owners of conventional car. Made in four nations by 4 various automakers, the Isetta didn’t have a backseat, and couldn’t keep up with freeway traffic in the Land of the Cost-free.

Enter the 600, which borrowed the Isetta’s front door and front suspension, but rode atop a longer frame, with a ballsier rear-mounted engine. That’s correct, the 600’s 582 cubic centimeter flat-twin engine cranked out a pavement-rumbling 19.five horsepower. Best speed? About 62 miles per hour.

As we can see here, the 600 wasn’t as spartan as the Isetta. Just look at the fabric sunroof this motorist is using to off-gas his body’s moisture (and who knows what else). And check out those…bumpers.

As opposed to this motorist, sales weren’t scorching hot, and production ended in 1959 after a two-year model run. The 600 was the kick BMW needed to get its act collectively and market planet-class sport sedans, not low cost economy cars.

It is hard to imagine what compelled this Texan to enter the V8-powered, drum-braked gauntlet with a 3- to 5-year-old German bubble vehicle. Appear around him — you can’t tell me there wasn’t a utilised Ford, Chevrolet or Plymouth in his value range. Who knows, maybe he was from Austin.

The planet loves a nonconformist.

[Image: Houston Chronicle Archives, by way of www.texasfreeway.com]

Car Testimonials – The Truth About Vehicles

This is Your Final Possibility to Order a New Dodge Viper

Dodge Viper Snakeskin

Fiat Chrysler Automobiles will provide five limited-edition versions of the 2017 Dodge Viper ahead of it brings the axe down on the model.

Orders kick off on June 24 for the V10-powered performance beast, with FCA cranking out up to 217 units before it puts an end to the model’s 25-year run. The model bows out the same way it came in — brash, colorful, and obsessed with functionality history.

All new Vipers come with the familiar (and monstrous) 8.4-liter V10 engine, generating 645 horsepower and 600 lb-ft. of torque.

The Viper 1:28 Edition ACR pays tribute to the record lap time set at California’s famed Laguna Seca Raceway in October 2015. The lap time (1:28.65) was set by Randy Pobst, driving a 2016 Viper ACR. All black, with a painted wing and red ACR stripes and Intense Aero Package, the 1:28 edition sees quite a few other goodies added to the package. Up to 28 will be constructed.

The Viper GTS-R Commemorative Edition ACR is the high-volume version, with up to one hundred units on tap. It brings back the blue-and-white paint scheme from the 1998 Viper GTS-R GT2 Championship Edition.

The Viper VoooDoo II Edition ACR (no, that is not a typo) sees 31 examples, the same as an earlier version (missing one ‘o’) constructed in 2010. It is black, as well, but with metallic stripes.

It is the rarest version that gets all the hype. The Viper Snakeskin Edition GTC — a name that conjures up images of cougar bars and the film Escape from L.A. — comes in Snakeskin Green with a snakeskin pattern SRT stripe. Only 25 will be made.

Then there’s the Dodge Dealer Edition ACR, which does not sound almost as attractive as Snakeskin. The all-white version also piles on the goodies, but it’s only offered through Tomball Dodge of Tomball, Texas, and Roanoke Dodge of Roanoke, Illinois (the country’s highest volume Viper dealers).

And following this run, it is all over. The model that entered the planet as former Chrysler chairman Lee Iacocca was leaving the company takes a dirt nap. FCA doesn’t have time for the model anymore, and buyers do not look to have the income or enthusiasm — the Viper’s very best production year was 1994, two years soon after it appeared, and recent sales have been less than half of what they had been a decade ago.

The Viper’s departure also implies the death of the V10 engine in FCA’s portfolio. The 1990s are now genuinely more than.

[Image: Fiat Chrysler Automobiles]

Car Testimonials – The Truth About Vehicles

This 1984 Dodge 600 Turbo Commercial Is a Nightmarish Fever Dream


The Chrysler Corporation was riding higher once more by 1984, but were they riding high when they created this ad?

A turbocharged engine was a brand-new choice that year, and the resurgent automaker clearly wanted to celebrate the hot tiny 2.two-liter by having one abduct a woman and take her to the afterlife.

There’s a distinctive horror film vibe to the beginning of this spot for the ’84 Dodge 600 ES Turbo. A gorgeous young lady functioning late in an workplace, ominous music, seemingly paranormal activity — if slasher flicks have taught us something, it is that this lady’s gonna get it.

We soon find that the terror coming for her is of the convertible assortment.

The initial-generation turbo two.two packed 142 horsepower, but we didn’t know it had such pulling energy. Crawling up the side of the constructing? Truly? That is the stuff of nightmares.

When inside, this sporty drop best offers a one particular-way K-carriage trip to heaven, where shirtless males ride white horses and doves scatter as if in a John Woo action sequence.

Is that a short reflection of her dead childhood dog?

Following she comes down off of her trip — er, from her trip — Ms. Dodge 600 is pleased to locate she’s no longer alone in her office. As she casts a sultry gaze, we now see that her fling with a turbocharged suitor has only just begun.

Chrysler tapped special effects firm Dream Quest to support film the 1984 spots, which had been clearly influenced by motion pictures of the time. If you are looking for a dystopian, Blade Runner-esque thriller, do not miss the following Dodge Daytona ad, starring an actor who resembles David Hasselhoff and Dirk Benedict:

The Truth About Automobiles » Vehicle Evaluations

Spied: Is This a Three-Row Volkswagen SUV With Barely Something On?

Volkswagen 3-row SUV Spy Shot Front, Image: © 2016 Spiedbilde/The Truth About Cars

What seems to be a barely disguised Volkswagen SUV has been photographed driving close to the automaker’s southern California test facility.

If it is what we consider, it’s an crucial car for the automaker. A three-row SUV has long been element of Volkswagen’s U.S. growth strategy, but now it may possibly serve as its survival strategy.

Volkswagen 3-row SUV Spy Shot Rear, Volkswagen 3-row SUV Spy Shot Front, Image: © 2016 Spiedbilde/The Truth About Cars

Drawing design cues from the 2013 Crossblue concept, the midsize SUV was green-lit in 2014, and production is planned for the finish of 2016 at Volkswagen’s Chattanooga, Tennessee facility. The timeline for deliveries is tentatively set for early 2017.

Even as the pricey diesel emissions scandal raged about it, the automaker didn’t take funds earmarked for the Chattanooga plant off the table. Having an entry in the profitable midsize SUV market would have been a boon for Volkswagen before the scandal broke, and is even far more essential now.

Volkswagen 3-row SUV Spy Shot Front, Image: © 2016 Spiedbilde/The Truth About Cars

The unnamed SUV is anticipated to seat seven passengers and be equivalent in size to a Honda Pilot, with power likely coming from a 3.six-liter V6 sourced from the Volkswagen Passat. Earlier speculation about a diesel powerplant has to be taken with a dose of reality now, for obvious reasons.

A gas turbo 4-cylinder is one more possibility, as is a hybrid setup. With Volkswagen attempting to become a leader in electric vehicle development, it wouldn’t be surprising to see a plug-in version to compete with the likes of the Mitsubishi Outlander PHEV.

[Image: © 2016 Spiedbilde/The Truth About Automobiles]

The Truth About Cars » Car Critiques

Do not Cry For the Owner of This Popular Cadillac

1951 Cadillac Fleetwood 75

If you are fabulously wealthy and have a factor for musicals, get thyself to the UK correct now.

Bonhams auction property will be selling a 1951 Cadillac Fleetwood 75 Limousine at the March 20 Goodwood Members’ Meeting Sale, but this is not your average, run-of-the-mill Fleetwood 75 Limousine.

Oh, no. This Caddy was the presidential car for former First Lady of Argentina María Eva Duarte de Perón, also identified as Evita (also known as the lady from that Madonna film your girlfriend produced you watch in the ’90s).

We don’t want to recite the plot of the world’s longest music video — memories could still be raw — but it’s essential to know what you are receiving into when you pony up the 100,000 pounds needed for this Fleetwood ($ 144,710, according to an estimate by The Telegraph).

Evita (1919-1952) emerged from lower-class obscurity to turn out to be a celebrated actress, ultimately marrying Argentine president Juan Perón and becoming a enormous champion for women’s rights, the poor, and her not-squeaky-clean husband.


Summoning the voting energy of the operating class and the help of labor unions, Evita helped sweep Juan Perón into power in 1946, but the subsequent charity and outreach to the disadvantaged masked a energy-hungry workplace that restricted liberties if it was practical. Producing your enemies political opponents and critics “go away” is a fine art that Perón excelled at.

Nothing lasts forever, as the saying goes, and Evita died of cervical cancer at the young age of 33 (but not just before allegedly receiving a lobotomy requested by her husband). Her death removed the lid that had kept the growing opposition to her husband below control, and Juan Perón fled to Paraguay soon after being ousted by a civil and military uprising in 1955.

Holding energy in South America has its dangers, but even though the great occasions lasted, Ms. Perón and her husband no doubt enjoyed the effortless power of their car’s 331 cubic inch, overhead valve V8.

The fortunate buyer of this well-known Fleetwood will be capable to wave to his or her adoring countrymen with ease, thanks to normal energy windows, while the optional Hydramatic automatic transmission will make escaping from armed dissidents a smooth, shift-free affair.

Bear in mind, these days Argentine leaders aren’t almost as refined in public.

[Pictures: Cadillac, Press Bonhams Evita, Buena Vista Photos]

The Truth About Automobiles » Auto Critiques

This is Not a Second-Generation Honda Crosstour

Civic Hatchback Prototype

But it confident does look like a single.

Honda Europe announced Wednesday that the Civic Hatchback Prototype will debut at the Geneva Auto Show on March 1. The hatch — which is probably a production automobile with fancy mirrors, rocket ship door handles and a dual center exhaust — will go into production in the United Kingdom next year and be exported to North America.

The newest Civic notion will preview “the exterior design and style of the all-new hatchback model, scheduled for a European launch in early 2017,” said Honda. Anticipate it to use the identical naturally aspirated two-liter engine and turbocharged 1.five-liter engine as the sedan and coupe, and also be the basis of the next Civic Sort R.

It genuinely does look like a squished Crosstour, even though.

2015 Honda Crosstour.

The Truth About Vehicles » Automobile Testimonials

Mitsubishi Mirage G4 Sedan is Coming, On Sale This Spring in US

Sneak Peek at New Mitsubishi Motors Sedan Destined for Toronto Show

Mitsubishi in Canada on Monday posted a teaser shot of the rear finish of the new Mitsubishi Attrage that’ll make its debut in Toronto at the 2016 Canadian International Auto Show next month ahead of it goes on sale in the U.S. and Canada.

Mitsubishi’s spokesman John Arnone posted a picture of himself standing subsequent to the sedan at a shoot in Vancouver, which doesn’t truly leave a lot to question. It is clearly the small sedan, which will be one particular of two new models bound for Canada and the U.S. in 2016.

Probably next we’ll get a teaser of the Outlander PHEV’s roof with a Tim Hortons coffee cup sitting on it. Thrilling stuff.

Mitsubishi officials in the U.S. confirmed the modest auto would go on sale in the U.S. this spring as the Mirage G4. It is unclear when the Canadian version will go on sale, and whether or not it’ll be known as the Mirage G4 or Attrage.

We’ll have to wait and see about pricing because Canada’s little car wars are fascinating.

The Canadian International Auto Show begins Feb. 12 in Toronto

The Truth About Automobiles » Automobile Critiques

Understand About Auto Repairs In This Write-up

Getting to get your automobile repaired can be fairly frustrating. It can be hard to uncover a very good auto repair service that you can trust.This write-up will tell you how to find a reliable mechanic.

Do not underestimate how essential it is to hold an emergency kit inside your vehicle.You need to have to have tools in your kit that will permit you to alter the battery, battery charger and a gas can.

If you are unclear about specific things, do not hesitate to clear this up with the mechanic ahead of permitting him or her to make repairs to your car. You probably do not want to be shocked with added charges following the car has been repaired.

Make positive that you have all your auto records on hand. You might want these with you when you go to get repairs completed a wonderful spot to store them is the glove compartment for simple access. Auto repair specialists likely will require the records. This will help them to figure out what the problem faster and more precisely.

Constantly attempt to figure out the problem with your car’s issues yourself just before you bring it in for repairs. You almost certainly know that some mechanics will come with lies to charge more cash.

Despite the fact that shops are usually trustworthy, you do not want to have to commit some far more unnecessary repairs. Look for mechanics that know the ins and outs of your car’s make. These shops will give you the ideal bang for your car.

Replacing a burnt-out headlight or headlights oneself can save you do it by oneself.Even though it is diverse with each vehicle, it’s a whole lot less costly to do it yourself. Ask a person you trust if he can teach you how to do it.

Attempt finding a dependable mechanic who fixes automobiles on their personal garage. If they possess enough knowledge, and they will typically charge you less for labor.You can save a lot of funds and offer an independent worker by supplying them with enterprise.

Just due to the fact it is winter doesn’t imply you shouldn’t wash your automobile. Winter can be challenging on your auto. Salt and sand from frozen streets can trigger rust and other flaws.

Avoid diagnosing automobile troubles.What could seem to be a basic job can be very complex, particularly in newer computerized automobiles. Let the problem. Inform them every thing you can about the problem, and then let them do their job.

Check to see that your mechanic has all of the technician is certified. Look for the NIAE seal of approval or N.I.A. This indicates that the mechanic is knowledgeable and will do a fantastic job on your automobile.

Don’t permit men and women to sell auto parts to you that they’ll last forever. This is often just a scheme for components. 1 instance of this is transmission fluid will final a lifetime. While it is not changed as significantly as standard fluid, you should still change it each and every 80,000 miles.

It is fairly frequent for customers to find out about other issues when they pick up their automobile from an auto shop. They often attempt to make it appear like you are getting a wonderful deal. Tell them that you are going to have to speak to them later so that you want to take a handful of hours to make a choice and then call around for quotes from other shops.

OEM is the abbreviation of Original Gear. Don’t forget this if you have automobile components replaced. You will look like a mechanic you only want OEM parts. This will decrease the probabilities of an individual significantly less most likely to try placing used parts on your vehicle.

You can replace your oil or refilling the windishield wiper fluid on your own. It is a common misnomer that you need a mechanic’s solutions to attend to these routine jobs ought to be left to the professionals. You have to know how to do specific things, as lengthy as you have the proper capabilities and knowledge.

Obtaining written proof can aid you make a decision to file a complaint against the road.

Labor Costs

When obtaining a quote from a mechanic, ensure he itemizes labor costs as effectively as cost of components. This will assist you in comparing quotes. The component charges must be extremely similar as a result, so this will enable you to figure out which 1 is a much better deal in terms of labor expenses.

This will support preserve your carpet staining from factors like slush and slush. These are a huge help in the course of winter seasons or tough weather patterns.

Contemporary autos are equipped to all kinds of warning lights and sensors that will inform you if issues are detected. Often the sensor has problems, so be certain to verify your auto manually each and every now and then to catch any issues.

Nobody enjoys going to get a automobile fixed, but most individuals do have to deal with it from time to time. Use the information you have learned from this write-up to deal with any future vehicle repairs. The comfort of operating with a trustworthy dealer is worth the effort.

Long Chram